Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs)

Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs)

Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) are specialized entities are at the forefront of the global fight against financial crimes, including money laundering and terrorism financing.

What is a Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)?

An FIU is a dedicated state authority, functioning as a nexus between the private financial sector and law enforcement agencies. Its core mandate is to receive, analyze, and transmit suspicious activity reports, as identified by obliged entities.

Core Functions of an FIU

  1. Receiving Suspicious Transaction Reports: FIUs are the first point of contact for reports on unusual financial activities from banks and other financial institutions.
  2. Analyzing Financial Data: The heart of an FIU’s work lies in its ability to dissect and interpret vast amounts of financial data to uncover potential illicit activities.
  3. Disseminating Intelligence: The insights gained are then channelled to relevant law enforcement bodies for further investigation and action.

The Additional Powers of FIUs

Beyond their primary roles, FIUs may possess supplementary powers such as the ability to postpone suspicious transactions, oversee the AML/CFT compliance of reporting entities, and provide essential guidance and training on AML/CFT matters. In some instances, FIUs with a law enforcement orientation may even have investigative competencies.

International Cooperation

The effectiveness of FIUs is significantly bolstered through international cooperation. The Egmont Group of FIUs plays a vital role in this context, fostering an environment of seamless intelligence exchange across borders. The Egmont Secure Web serves as a crucial tool for this purpose, enabling secure and efficient communication among member FIUs.

Compliance with FATF Standards

Aligning with FATF Standards is imperative for every FIU. This includes ensuring operational independence, maintaining confidentiality, being adequately resourced, and providing constructive feedback to reporting entities.

Financial Intelligence Units (FIUs) worldwide

Important: The following table makes no claim tobeing complete.

CountryAlpha-3 codeAlpha-2 codeFinancial Intelligence Unit (FIU)Link
Afghanistan AFGAFFinancial Transactions and Reports Analysis Center of Afghanistan (FinTRACA)
Albania ALBALGeneral Directorate for the Prevention of Money Laundering (GDPML)
Algeria DZADZFinancial Intelligence Processing Unit (CTRF)
Andorra ANDADFinancial Intelligence Unit Andorra (FIUAND)
Angola AGOAOUnidade de Informação Financeira (UIF-Angola)
Anguilla AIAAIMoney Laundering Reporting Authority (MLRA)
Antigua And Barbuda ATGAGOffice of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Policy (ONDCP)
Argentina ARGARFinancial Information Unit Argentina (UIF)
Armenia ARMAMFinancial Monitoring Center (FMC)
ArubaABWAWReporting Center for Unusual Transactions (MOT-Aruba)
Australia AUSAUThe Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC)
Austria AUTATAustrian Financial Intelligence Unit (A-FIU)
Bahamas BHSBSFinancial Intelligence Unit Bahamas (FIU-Bahamas)!ut/p/b1/vZXJtqI6GIWfpR7AQwKhG4JAQO%E2%80%A6
BahrainBHRBHFinancial Intelligence Directorate (FID)
Bangladesh BGDBDBangladesh Financial Intelligence Unit (BFIU)
Barbados BRBBBBarbados Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU-Barbados)
Belarus BLRBYThe Department of Financial Monitoring of the State Control Committee of the Republic of Belarus (DFM)
Belgium BELBEBelgian Financial Intelligence Processing Unit (CTIF-CFI)
Belize BLZBZFinancial Intelligence Unit Belize (FIU Belize)
Benin BENBJCellule Nationale de Traitement des Informations Financières du Bénin (CENTIF)
Bermuda BMUBMFinancial Intelligence Agency Bermuda (FIA)
Bhutan BTNBTFinancial Intelligence Department (FID)
Bolivia BOLBOUnidad de Investigaciones Financieras (UIF)
Bosnia And Herzegovina BIHBAFinancial Intelligence Department (FID)…
Brazil BRABRCouncil for Financial Activities Control (COAF)
British Virgin Islands VGBVGFinancial Investigation Agency British Virgin Islands (FIA)
Brunei BRNBNFinancial Intelligence Unit Brunei Darussalam (FIE, AMBD)
Bulgaria BGRBGFinancial Intelligence Directorate State Agency for National Security (FID-SANS)
Burkina Faso BFABFThe National Financial Information Processing Unit (CENTIF-BF)
Cambodia KHMKHCambodia Financial Intelligence Unit (CAFIU)
Cameroon CMRCMNational Agency for Financial Investigation (NAFI)
Canada CANCAFinancial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC-CANAFE)
Cape Verde CPVCVCape Verde UIF (UIF)
Cayman Islands CYMKYFinancial Reporting Authority (FRA)
Chad TCDTDAgence Nationale d Investigation Financière du Tchad (ANIF)ère-du-tchad
Chile CHLCLUnidad de Análisis Financiero (UAF)
ColombiaCOLCOUnidad de Informacion y Analisis Financiero (UIAF)
Congo Brazzaville COGCGAgence Nationale D' Investigation Financiere (ANIF)
Cook Islands COKCKCook Islands Financial Intelligence Unit (CIFIU)
Costa Rica CRICRFinancial Analysis Unit (Costa Rican Institute on Drugs) (UAF Costa Rica)
Croatia HRVHRAnti-Money Laundering Office FIU Croatia (AMLO)
Cuba CUBCUDirección General de Investigación de Operaciones Financieras (DGIOF)
Curaçao CUWCWIntelligence Unit Curaçao (FIU Curaçao)
Cyprus CYPCYUnit for Combating Money Laundering (MOKAS)
Czech Republic CZECZFinancial Analytical Unit (FAU-CR)
Denmark DNKDKThe Money Laundering Secretariat (FIU Denmark)
Dominica DMADMFinancial Intelligence Unit Dominica (FIU Dominica)
Dominican Republic DOMDOUnidad de Analisis Financierio (UAF)
Ecuador ECUECUnidad de Análisis Financiero y Económico del Ecuador (UAFE)
Egypt EGYEGEgyptian Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Combating Unit (EMLCU)
El Salvador SLVSVFinancial Investigation Unit El Salvador (UIF El Salvador)
Estonia ESTEEFinancial Intelligence Unit Estonia (MLIB)
Ethiopia ETHETEthiopian Financial Intelligence Centre (EFIC)
Fiji FJIFJFiji Finanical Intelligence Unit (Fiji FIU)
Finland FINFIFinancial Intelligence Unit (RAP)
France FRAFRIntelligence Processing and Action against Illicit Financial Networks Unit (TRACFIN)
Gabon GABGANational Agency for Financial Investigation (ANIF)
Georgia GEOGEFinancial Monitoring Service of Georgia (FMS)
Germany DEUDEFinancial Intelligence Unit Germany (FIU)
Ghana GHAGHFinancial Intelligence Centre Ghana (FIC)
Gibraltar GIBGIGibraltar Financial Intelligence Unit (GCID GFIU)
Greece GRCGRAnti-Money Laundering Counter Terrorist Financing and Source of Funds Investigation Authority (HELLENIC FIU)
Grenada GRDGDFinancial Intelligence Unit Grenada (FIU Grenada)
Guatemala GTMGTSpecial Verification Intendancy (IVE)
Guernsey GGYGGFinancial Intelligence Service (FIS)
Honduras HNDHNUnidad de Inteligencia Financiera (UIF Honduras)
Hong Kong S.A.R., China HKGHKJoint Financial Intelligence Unit (JFIU)
Hungary HUNHUHungarian Financial Intelligence Unit (HFIU)
Iceland ISLISFinancial Intelligence Unit Iceland (FIU-ICE)
India INDINFinancial Intelligence Unit India (FIU-IND)
Indonesia IDNIDIndonesian Financial Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (PPATK)
Ireland IRLIEBureau of Fraud Investigation (MLIU)
Isle Of Man IMNIMIsle of Man Financial Intelligence Unit (FCU-IOM)
Italy ITAITFinancial Intelligence Unit of Italy (UIF)
Ivory Coast CIVCINational Unit for the Processing of Financial Information in Côte d'Ivoire (CENTIF-CI)
Jamaica JAMJMFinancial Investigations Division (FID)
Japan JPNJPJapan Financial Intelligence Center (JAFIC)
Jersey JEYJEStates of Jersey Police & Customs Joint Financial Crime Unit (FCU Jersey)
Jordan JORJOAnti Money Laundering and Counter Terrorist Financing Unit (AMLU Jordan)
Kazakhstan KAZKZCommittee on Financial Monitoring of the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Finmonitoring)
Korea KORKRKorea Financial Intelligence Unit (KoFIU)
Kosovo XXKXKFinancial Intelligence Unit of Kosovo (NJIF-K)
Kuwait KWTKWKuwaiti Financial Intelligence Unit (KwFIU)
Kyrgyzstan KGZKGThe State Financial Intelligence Service under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (FIS)
LatviaLVALVFinancial Intelligence Unit of Latvia (FID)
Lebanon LBNLBSpecial Investigation Commission (SIC)
Liechtenstein LIELIFinancial Intelligence Unit Liechtenstein (EFFI)
Lithuania LTULTFinancial Crime Investigation Service under the Ministry of Interior (FCIS)
Luxembourg LUXLUFinancial Intelligence Unit (FIU-LUX)
Macao S.A.R., China MACMOFinancial Intelligence Office (GIF)
Malawi MWIMWMalawi Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU Malawi)
Malaysia MYSMYFinancial Intelligence Unit Malaysia (UPWBNM)
Mali MLIMLNational Financial Intelligence Processing Unit (CENTIF Mali)
Malta MLTMTFinancial Intelligence Analysis Unit (FIAU)
Marshall Islands MHLMHDomestic Financial Intelligence Unit (DFIU)
Mauritius MUSMUFinancial Intelligence Unit Mauritius (FIU Mauritius)
Mexico MEXMXFinancial Intelligence Unit Mexico (FIU Mexico)
Moldova MDAMDOffice for Prevention and Fight Against Money Laundering (SPCSB)
Monaco MCOMCService for Information and Monitoring of Financial Networks (SICCFIN)
Mongolia MNGMNMongolia Financial Information Unit (FIU Mongolia)
Montenegro MNEMEDepartment for the Prevention of Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing (DPMLTF)
Morocco MARMAFinancial Information Processing Unit (UTRF)
Namibia NAMNAFinancial Intelligence Centre (FIC)
Nepal NPLNPFinancial Information Unit (FIU Nepal)
Netherlands NLDNLFinancial Intelligence Unit Netherlands (FIU-NL)
New Zealand NZLNZNew Zealand Police Financial Intelligence Unit (NZ Police FIU)
Niger NERNENational Financial Intelligence and processing unit of Niger (CENTIF)
Nigeria NGANGNigerian Financial Intelligence Unit (NFIU)
Niue NIUNUNiue Financial Intelligence Unit (Niue FIU)
North MacedoniaMKDMKFinancial Intelligence Office (FIO)
Norway NORNOFinancial Intelligence Unit Norway (EFE)
Palestine PSEPSFinancial Follow-up Unit (FFU)
Panama PANPAFinancial Analysis Unit Panama (UAF Panama)
Papua New Guinea PNGPGFinancial Analysis and Supervision Unit (FASU)
Paraguay PRYPYFinancial Intelligence Unit Paraguay (UAF-SEPRELAD)
Peru PERPEFinancial Intelligence Unit of Peru (FIU Peru)
Philippines PHLPHAnti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC)
Poland POLPLGeneral Inspector of Financial Information (GIFI)
Portugal PRTPTFinancial Intelligence Unit Portugal (UIF Portugal)
Qatar QATQAQatar Financial Information Unit (QFIU)
Romania ROURONational Office for Prevention and Control of Money Laundering (ONPCSB)
Russia RUSRUFederal Financial Monitoring Service (Rosfinmonitoring)
Saint Kitts And Nevis KNAKNFinancial Intelligence Unit St. Kitts and Nevis (FIU-SKN)
Saint Lucia LCALCFinancial Intelligence Authority (FIA St. Lucia)
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines VCTVCFinancial Intelligence Unit St. Vincent and the Grenadines (FIU-SVG)
Samoa WSMWSSamoa Financial Intelligence Unit (SFIU)
San Marino SMRSMFinancial Intelligence Agency (FIA San Marino)
Saudi Arabia SAUSASaudi Arabia Financial Investigation Unit (SAFIU)
Senegal SENSNNational Financial Intelligence Processing Unit (CENTIF)
Serbia SRBRSAdministration for the Prevention of Money Laundering (APML)
Seychelles SYCSCSeychelles Financial Intelligence Unit (Seychelles FIU)
Singapore SGPSGSuspicious Transaction Reporting Office (STRO)…
Sint Maarten SXMSXReporting Center for Unusual Transactions (MOT Sint Maarten)
Slovakia SVKSKFinancial Intelligence Unit of the National Criminal Agency (FSJ)
Slovenia SVNSIOffice for Money Laundering Prevention (OMLP)
Solomon Islands SLBSBSolomon Islands Financial Intelligence Unit (SIFIU)
South Africa ZAFZAFinancial Intelligence Centre (FIC)
Spain ESPESExecutive Service of the Commission for the Prevention of Money Laundering and Monetary Offences (SEPBLAC)
Sri Lanka LKALKFinancial Intelligence Unit of Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka FIU)
Sudan SDNSDFinancial Information Unit (FIUSU)
Sweden SWESENational Financial Intelligence Service (NFIS)
Switzerland CHECHMoney Laundering Reporting Office Switzerland (MROS)
Syria SYRSYCombating Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Commission (CMLC)
Taiwan TWNTWAnti-Money Laundering Division (AMLD)
Tajikistan TJKTJFinancial Monitoring Department (FMD)
Tanzania TZATZTanzania Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)
Thailand THATHAnti-Money Laundering Office Thailand (AMLO)
Togo TGOTGTogo Financial Intelligence Unit (CENTIF Togo)
Trinidad And Tobago TTOTTFinancial Intelligence Unit of Trinidad and Tobago (FIUTT)
Tunisia TUNTNTunisian Financial Analysis Committee (CTAF)
Turkey TURTRFinancial Crimes Investigation Board (MASAK)
Turkmenistan TKMTMFinancial Monitoring Service (FMS)
Turks And Caicos Islands TCATCFinancial Intelligence Agency of the Turks and Caicos Islands (FCU)
Uganda UGAUGFinancial Intelligence Authority (FIA)
Ukraine UKRUAThe State Financial Monitoring Service of Ukraine (SFMS)
United Arab Emirates AREAEAnti-Money Laundering and Suspicious Cases Unit (AMLSCU)
United Kingdom GBRGBUK Financial Intelligence Unit (NCA)
United States USAUSFinancial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)
Uruguay URYUYInformation and Financial Analysis Unit (UIAF)
Uzbekistan UZBUZDepartment on struggle against tax currency crimes and legalization of criminal incomes at the GPO (FIU Uzbekistan)
Vanuatu VUTVUVanuatu Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU Vanuatu)
Vatican VATVAFinancial Information Authority (AIF)
Venezuela VENVENational Financial Intelligence Unit (UNIF)
Zambia ZMBZMFinancial Intelligence Centre (FIC)